Moderated by the European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats (Finland) & Gateway House (India)
From cyber-espionage and disruptive attacks on critical infrastructure to interference in elections, propaganda, and disinformation campaigns, institutions around the world are increasingly under threat from state or non-state operations. These (mostly digital) risks – if unmitigated – have raised fears of serious breakdowns in states’ economies and societies, increasing the risks of conflict and threatening societal resilience.
- Should NATO and the EU be developing the use of offensive cyber capabilities in the face of malicious attacks?
- Can we create a global cyber convention to set out international definitions and rules in cyberspace?
- How prepared are military forces, including NATO, for AI warfare? Is the West already losing the AI arms race to China and Russia?