Strategic conversation with Gert Jan Koopman, European Commission Director General for Budget

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Strategic conversation with Gert Jan Koopman, European Commission Director General for Budget


“An exceptional measure to deal with exceptional times”
The €1.85 trillion heavy budgetary plan published by the European Commission on 27 May is an “exceptional measure to deal with exceptional times” highlights Gert Jan Koopman, European Commission director-general for budget. The ambitious plan includes the issuing of debt by the Commission – a clear line of division between member states since the outbreak of Covid-19 and the ensuing economic crisis.

  • 13:56 – the “needs assessments” identifying the EU economic needs and potential effects of implementing the proposal
  • 17:28 – legal architecture of the EU debt-issuing: “an exceptional measure in exceptional times”
  • 18:48 – challenges and opportunities for the EU budgetary system

“The plan would benefit all member states”
Koopman remains hopeful that the proposal will be treated favourably at the next EU Council meeting as – if implemented in full – “the plan would benefit all member states”. In fact, they would have to pay less for the budget in the coming 7 years. Then, from 2027 onwards the Commission foresees the expansion of its “own resources” that could very well cover the repayments from today. Koopman stresses that in an economy well below its production capacity, with rock-bottom interest rates, the goal is to “boost investment and raise economic growth.”

  • 3:00 – the proposal and its impact
  • 6:09 – “it is a win-win for everyone”
  • 6:44 – will members states have to increase their GDP percentage going to the EU?
  • 30:17 – the response to the budgetary proposal

How will the money borrowed for the EU recovery plan be repaid?
He says through an emissions trading system, a carbon border adjustment, and a possible digital tax to accrue the EU budget. Koopman emphasizes the borrowing is not mutualizing the debt of member states, but about using the EU budget for common investment programmes and reforms based on European priorities – like digitalization and the Green Deal. The assessment of the Commission furthermore has shown that the programme could be so effective that “rather than burdening our children with debts occurred today, we would equip them with a working economy that would allow them to repay their debts”.

  • 3:53 – “the financing will not be put on next future generations, in fact the plan is intended to protect future generations”
  • 4:52 – who will contribute to the next budget? it is not debt mutualisation, but “programmes and reforms based on EU priorities”
  • 7:30 – the new four EU’s own resources
  • 10:38 – on green and digital, “the biggest programme we are proposing is the recovery and resilience facility”

A strengthened social contract
Recovery aids will be indeed conditional to the respect of the rule of law and transparency, as well as benefit both the public and the private sector, reinforcing trust towards the EU institutions. Koopman concluded asserting that the social contract in Europe will be strengthened by these measures as there is growing awareness of the need to find common solutions in the EU: “we are in this together”.

  • 10:00 – the rule of law conditionality
  • 12:13 – rigorous procedures to protect the EU financial interests
  • 21:22 – bailouts and the fundamental difference with the 2008 crisis
  • 24:35 – flexibilization of structural funds money and “Europe for you”
  • 27:16 – a growing awareness, even among the frugal, that “we are in this together”


The Strategic Conversations series invites key policymakers to share their views on a range of important and strategically relevant issues through interviews with senior thinkers on the Friends of Europe team. Get information first-hand from European Commission Director General for Budget, Geert Jan Koopman, on the next Multiannual Financial Framework right after EU decisionmakers discussions.
This debate will be livestreamed. To submit a question for the event, tweet at us @FriendsofEurope using #FoEDebate.

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    PHOTO CREDIT: pxfuel



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    Strategic conversation with Gert Jan Koopman, European Commission Director General for budget
    Expand Strategic conversation with Gert Jan Koopman, European Commission Director General for budget

    Hear first-hand on the EU ambitious recovery plan unveiled yesterday – is it a trade-off, or a recovery and transformation plan? And will member states agree to it?

    To ensure the recovery is green, digital, but mostly inclusive and fair for all member states, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen plan brings the total financial firepower of the EU budget to €1.85 trillion, including a €1.1 trillion, seven-year MFF budget and a €750 billion recovery fund, using borrowed money to be repaid over 30 years.

    In response to those more reluctant to a stronger MFF, von der Leyen affirmed that “the cost of not investing in this crisis now will come back manifold in the future”.

    Raise your question by sharing it on twitter using the hashtag #FoEDebate


    Gert Jan Koopman

    European Commission Director-General for Budget (DG BUDGET)


    Dharmendra Kanani

    Chief Operating Officer and Chief Spokesperson of Friends of Europe

    End of conversation


    Photo of Gert Jan Koopman
    Gert Jan Koopman

    European Commission Director-General for Budget (DG BUDGET)

    Show more information on Gert Jan Koopman

    Gert Jan Koopman is the Director-General of the European Commission’s budget department since August 2018. In his role, he has worked to develop the EU budget from a mere source of funding for policies such as cohesion and agriculture to a tool fuelling Europe’s ever more ambitious policy agenda. He has contributed to putting in place the European Union’s €800 billion NextGenerationEU recovery plan and enable its financing on the capital markets through a sovereign-style funding system. Mr Koopman has been serving the EU for roughly three decades. Previously, he was in charge of State Aid control at the Commission’s Directorate-General for Competition. His earlier assignments included senior management posts in the Commission’s departments for Economic and Financial Affairs, which supervises the smooth running of the single market.

    Dharmendra Kanani
    Dharmendra Kanani

    Chief Operating Officer and Chief Spokesperson of Friends of Europe

    Show more information on Dharmendra Kanani

    Prior to joining Friends of Europe, Dharmendra Kanani was director of policy at the European Foundation Centre (EFC). He was the England director at the Big Lottery Fund, the largest independent funder in the UK and fourth largest in the world. Dharmendra has held senior positions in the public and voluntary sector and advisor to numerous ministerial policy initiatives across the UK.


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