EUROPE’S TOUGH NEIGHBOURHOOD

Urgent challenges in a complex environment

28 November 2017 - 09:00 - 13:15
Mary Fitzgerald, Aude Fleurant, Pekka Haavisto, Jan Havránek, Shada Islam, Dharmendra Kanani, Zanda Kalniņa-Lukaševica, Igor Kapyrin, James Morrison, Kati Piri, Giles Portman, Francesca Spidalieri, Anas Talalqa, Paul Taylor
Introduction

Friends of Europe’s annual Security Policy Summit aims to shift the narrative on European security from threats to opportunities, identifying roles and responsibilities at the strategic, tactical and operational levels, in the framework of longer-term strategic thinking. This is based on our holistic approach to European, transatlantic and global security policies, reflecting our view that security is a whole-of-society matter and therefore requires a whole-of-society approach. Bringing together senior decision-makers and out-of-the-box thinkers from Europe, NATO partner countries and beyond, this occasion allows for an in-depth discussion of today’s most pressing security and defence issues.

In the aftermath of the Arab Spring, turbulent developments in the Middle East have provoked waves of migration from the region and have shaken up Europe’s conventional approach to security thinking. Meanwhile, worsening relations with Russia, the evolving nuclear security situation and changing geopolitics have all exacerbated the European security context, requiring a recalibration of defence concepts not only within NATO and the EU, but also in concert with Europe’s eastern and southern neighbours. New realities have thus called for increased attention towards emerging challenges, including cyber governance, defence spending, and the nexus between organised crime and terrorism. In this context, there is an emerging consensus on the need for more resilient approaches to peace, security and defence. Only by looking eastward, southward and inward can Europe advance the security dialogue beyond conventional defence capabilities.

To steer an inclusive, comprehensive and well-informed debate, this event will also serve as an opportunity to present and discuss the findings of Debating Security Plus, Friends of Europe’s global online brainstorm, which gathered over 1,600 participants from around the world to make concrete recommendations for confronting today’s security and defence challenges.

Join the discussion on our Twitter using #SecuritySummit

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Europe's tough neighbourhood

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Programme
08.30 – 09.00

Welcome coffee and registration of participants

09.00 – 10.00

SESSION I: LOOKING EASTWARDS

During Friends of Europe’s recent global online brainstorm, Debating Security Plus, there were repeated calls for a global convention on cyber security and defence, making it clear that the need to address the issue of cyber governance is becoming ever more pressing. At the same time, alleged Russian disinformation efforts and meddling in some NATO member states' elections, while not overtly aggressive, has played a role in exacerbating the unresolved conflict in Ukraine and the instability that has returned to the western Balkans. As Europe's security challenges continue to change and become harder to define, a discussion is emerging on how Europe can take a more energetic and collaborative approach to security matters, including through both the strategic role played by the European External Action Service and President Juncker’s proposed new European Cybersecurity Agency.

  • Faced with evolving geopolitical concerns, is a consensus emerging in the EU or NATO on the need to promote greater dialogue with Russia that would entail listening and not just talking?
  • How should military and civil policymakers adapt the current security doctrine to address the evolving hybrid threats and challenges of the 21st century?
  • How has Russia’s approach to the cyber sphere changed the game, so to speak, and how have the EU and NATO strengthened their cyber defences?

Speakers include

Zanda Kalnina-Lukaševica, Parliamentary State Secretary for EU Affairs at the Latvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Young Leader
Igor Kapyrin, Deputy Director of the Department for European Cooperation at the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Giles Portman, Head of the East Stratcom Task Force at the European External Action Service
Francesca Spidalieri, Senior Fellow for Cyber Leadership at Salve Regina University’s Pell Center for International Relations and Public Policy

Moderated by

Dharmendra Kanani, Director of Strategy at Friends of Europe

10.00 – 10.30

Coffee break

10.30 – 11.30

SESSION II: LOOKING SOUTHWARDS

The destabilising effects of the Arab Spring in 2011 and then the EU-led military intervention in Libya have contributed to mounting security difficulties in Europe's southern neighbourhood, including terrorism and mass movements. As organised crime increasingly provides terrorist networks with both the infrastructure to procure deadly weapons and the funds to finance terrorist activities, the results are being felt in Europe. With the additional pressure of the refugee and migrant influx resulting from the civil war in Syria, Africa’s population explosion, and the catastrophic results of climate change, what steps should be taken to stabilise Europe’s southern neighbourhood?

  • Are NATO, the US and the EU on the same wavelength on the policies needed to tackle Daesh-related terrorism while stabilising civil societies in the Arab world?
  • The deterioration in both Europe's and America's relations with Turkey is an unwelcome development in terms of Middle Eastern security efforts. What policy solutions are available to NATO, the EU and their member states?
  • Economic development assistance in Europe's southern neighbourhood needs to go hand in hand with security policy. How can civil society and the military cooperate to ensure that assistance reaches where it is needed most without duplicating efforts?

Speakers include

Mary Fitzgerald, Libya Analyst, Award-Winning Journalist & European Young Leader
Pekka Haavisto, Member of the Finnish Parliament, Foreign Minister’s Special Representative on mediation and President of the European Institute of Peace
Kati Piri, Member of the European Parliament Committee on Foreign Affairs (AFET)
Anas Talalqa, Human Rights Advisor at Inti Raymi Fund

Moderated by

Shada Islam, Director of Europe and Geopolitics at Friends of Europe

11.30 – 12.00

Coffee break

12.00 - 12.15

Award Ceremony: 60 seconds for a safer world

Friends of Europe’s security video competition asked participants to submit their solutions to foreign relations, security or defence challenges in 60-second videos. The top three videos will be presented on this occasion, and the winner will be announced.

12.15 – 13.15

SESSION III: LOOKING INWARDS

US Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates warned Europeans at a 2011 debate in Brussels that it was high-time they stop relying on the US for their security. As this line continues to be echoed today by the current US administration, such a context raises significant questions for Europe and its appetite to step up to this new reality in terms of collective efforts, burden-sharing and better coordination. As most European NATO member states continue to grapple with the 2% of GDP defence spending goal, and as the EU moves towards its proposed 'Defence Union', there remain questions over the nature of member states' political and economic commitments. As policymakers work to keep their states’ militaries funded and ensure preparedness in the event of war, what are the short and long term implications for the EU, NATO and their member states?

  • Would clear time frames by the EU or NATO for European governments' catch-up efforts help or hinder the momentum towards improved capabilities?
  • How do states’ defence spending policies impact their abilities to prepare for war, and what new threats must governments take into consideration?
  • Will EU initiatives like Permanent Structured Cooperation and the new operational HQ for training lead to a renewed drive on military capabilities, outreach and inter-operability of systems?

Speakers include

Aude Fleurant, Director of SIPRI’s Arms and Military Expenditure Programme
Jan Havránek, Policy Adviser to NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg
James Morrison, Head of Cabinet to European Commissioner for the Security Union Julian King
Paul Taylor, Senior Fellow at Friends of Europe, Contributing Editor for Politico and Author of “Jumping over its shadow: Germany and the future of European defence”

Moderated by

Dharmendra Kanani, Director of Strategy at Friends of Europe

13.15

End of summit

Speakers
Mary Fitzgerald
Libya Analyst, Award-Winning Journalist and European Young Leader
Mary is an analyst and journalist specialising in the Euro-Mediterranean region with a particular focus on Libya. She has worked on Libya since 2011 and lived there throughout 2014. She has conducted research on Libya for the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR), the European University Institute (EUI) and IEMED among others, and is a contributing author to an edited volume on the Libyan revolution published by Oxford University Press. Mary has worked on a number of award-winning radio documentaries for the BBC, one of which won a Gold Sony Radio Academy Award.
Aude Fleurant
Director of the Arms and Military Expenditure Programme at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
Before joining SIPRI in 2014, Aude Fleurant was Director of the Arms and Defence Economics programme for the Military Academy Strategic Research Institute based at the Military Academy in Paris. Prior to that, she led the market intelligence office of Technopole Defense & Security in Canada. She has also been a lecturer in International Relations and Political Economy at the Université du Québec à Montréal. Fleurant has authored several articles on the arms industry and military expenditure, and her expertise further extends to defence political-economy and defence production sectors analysis.
Pekka Haavisto
Member of the Finnish Parliament, Foreign Minister’s Special Representative on mediation and President of the European Institute of Peace
Pekka Haavisto has extensive knowledge in crisis management and political negotiations. He has served as the EU Special Representative for Sudan and Darfur, UN Special Advisor to the Darfur peace process, and has also led the UN Environment Programme for the post-conflict environmental assessments and projects in the Balkans, Afghanistan, Iraq, the Middle East, Liberia and Sudan. Haavisto has been twice a cabinet minister (Minister for International Development and Minister of Environment) and is expected to run for the second time as the Green League candidate in the Finnish Presidential elections.
Jan Havránek
Policy Adviser to NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg
Before joining NATO, Jan Havránek served as the Defence Counsellor at the Czech Delegation to NATO, where he represented his country at the Defence Policy Planning Committee. Prior to this assignment, he was Deputy Defence Policy Director and Foreign Policy Advisor to the Czech Minister of Defence, and subsequently the Assistant First Deputy Minister and Defence Policy Director. Havránek has provided his expertise to various international think-tanks and NGOs, and was named in the Diplomatic Courier’s annual list of the Top 99 Under 33 Foreign Policy Leaders.
Shada Islam
Director Europe & Geopolitics
Shada Islam is responsible for policy oversight of Friends of Europe’s initiatives, activities and publications. She has special responsibility for the Asia Programme and for the Development Policy Forum. Shada is the former Europe correspondent for the Far Eastern Economic Review and has previously worked on Asian issues at the European Policy Centre. She is closely involved with initiatives to promote Asia-Europe exchanges including within the context of ASEM (Asia Europe Meetings). As a journalist, Shada also worked extensively on development questions including relations between the EU and African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) states as well as on world trade, including the Doha Round. Shada continues to write on EU foreign and security policy, EU-Asia relations and trade and development issues for leading Asian, European and international publications.
Dharmendra Kanani
Director of Strategy
Prior to joining Friends of Europe, Dharmendra Kanani was Director of Policy at the European Foundation Centre (EFC). He was the England Director at the Big Lottery Fund, the largest independent funder in the UK and fourth largest in the world. Kanani has held senior positions in the public and voluntary sector and was advisor for numerous ministerial policy initiatives across the UK.  
Zanda Kalniņa-Lukaševica
Parliamentary State Secretary for European Affairs at the Latvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Young Leader
Zanda has held positions in both local and national governments in Latvia, including in Jurmala’s city council, the Ministry of Regional Development, and the Strategic Analysis Commission where she advised President Valdis Zatlers on strategic planning. During her mandate in the Latvian Parliament, she chaired the Committee on European Affairs and the Reform Party parliamentary group. Appointed to Parliamentary State Secretary in 2014, Zanda’s role is to ensure cooperation between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Latvian Parliament and the European Parliament.
Igor Kapyrin
Deputy Director of the Department of European Cooperation at the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Igor Kapyrin has served in the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs for more than thirty years, being posted to countries including Portugal, France and Angola before taking up the position of Deputy Permanent Representative at the Russian Mission to the Council of Europe. Throughout his career, Kapyrin has often contributed to the debate on EU-Russian relations, security issues in Eurasia and Russia’s relations with its neighbourhood.
James Morrison
Head of Cabinet to European Commissioner for the Security Union Julian King
As a Head of European Commissioner for the Security Union Julian King’s cabinet, James Morrison is responsible for strategy, policy delivery and implementation of the Security Union across the European Commission while also working in the areas of counter-terrorism, preventing violent extremism, cyber security and organised crime. Before joining King’s cabinet, he headed the private office of High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Catherine Ashton (2009-2014). Morrison previously worked as a diplomat with the United Kingdom’s Foreign Office, which included a posting at the UK’s Permanent Representation to the EU.
Kati Piri
Member of the European Parliament Committee on Foreign Affairs (AFET)
With a focus on foreign affairs, human rights, justice and home affairs, and civil liberties, Kati Piri’s work in the European Parliament extends also to her role as standing rapporteur on Turkey’s accession process. Prior to joining the Parliament, Piri worked as a programme manager for the South Caucasus and Moldova at the Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy (NIMD) and as a political advisor in the European Parliament where she provided expertise on foreign relations with a particular focus on the Caucasus.
Giles Portman
Head of the East Stratcom Task Force at the European External Action Service
Giles Portman is senior UK and EU diplomat, with a career focus on the European Union and its neighbourhood, Turkey, Russia, and strategic communications. In his current capacity, he is responsible for communicating and promoting EU policies in the EU’s eastern neighbourhood, strengthening the media independence in the region, and improving the EU’s capacity to anticipate and respond to disinformation. Prior to that, Portman worked for 12 years on EU-Turkey relations, and was the chair of the EU enlargement working group that negotiated the opening of Turkey’s EU accession negotiations in 2005.
Francesca Spidalieri
Senior Fellow for Cyber Leadership at Salve Regina University’s Pell Center for International Relations and Public Policy
In addition to her academic expertise in cyber leadership development, national cyber resilience and risk management, Francesca Spidalieri also holds the post of Co-Principal Investigator for the Cyber Readiness Index project at the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies where she has worked to develop a practical blueprint for countries to understand and address their cyber vulnerabilities. Spidalieri is also a Distinguished Fellow at the Ponemon Institute, and regularly lectures on cyber-related issues across the United States.
Anas Talalqa
Human Rights Advisor at Inti Raymi Fund
Anas Talalqa currently works as Human Rights Advisor at Inti Raymi Fund. The fund is known for supporting indigenous people around the world and other human rights related projects. In addition to that, Talalqa is an active member of numerous other international civil society organisations that work in the fields of peace-building, youth empowerment, refugees and leadership in the MENA region.
Paul Taylor
Senior Fellow at Friends of Europe, Contributing Editor for Politico and Author of “Jumping over its shadow: Germany and the future of European defence”
Paul writes the ‘Europe at Large’ column for Politico and is a freelance writer and broadcaster based in Paris. He was previously European affairs editor at Reuters and served as a foreign correspondent for 39 years in Europe and the Middle East. His assignments have included covering the Iranian revolution, the Cold War Euromissile crisis, the 1991 Gulf War, German reunification, the Maastricht summit, France in the 1990s, EU enlargement, the Eurozone crisis and the fall of the Muslim Brotherhood government in Egypt. He is also the author of the report "Crunch time: France and the future of European defence".
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